The third in my trilogy of PSD2 blogs from ‘Inside the Regulator’. However, as we are now entering uncertain and uncharted territory, in terms of firms that failed to submit applications for re-authorisation in time, my insights are more presumptive than previously.
Drawing on my experience of heading up the Payment Services Authorisations Team at the FCA for many years, I spoke last week (http://blog.fscom.co.uk/psd2-a-glimpse-inside-the-regulator) about the FCA’s expectations for authorisations and re-authorisations, and offered some insight into how they might approach the challenges brought about by PSD2. I now explore the risks inherent in firms wishing to ‘upgrade’ their licences, the new entrants under PSD2 and the FCA’s approach to supervision.
Much of our time is, and seems always to have been, spent trying to interpret exactly what the regulations or, more importantly, the Regulator is expecting. A leading question asked by many compliance officers is, 'what do they expect of my company?'. This is often where the compliance consultant comes in.
It’s been five months since the FCA’s doors opened to applications from the new payment service providers, often referred to as third party providers (TPPs), and two months since they could appear on the Register so it’s a good time to ask how many have seized the opportunity presented by the second payment services directive (PSD2).
The answer is: ‘not so many’.
To some, 13 January and the implementation of the second Payment Services Directive (PSD2) will be a significant milestone in their business’s path. They will be joining the community of the regulated financial services sector, which means that their owners and managers take on significant additional liability and are subject to a new level of scrutiny. They will have to meet certain standards and requirements ranging from the information they must give their customers to the type of insurance they must hold (in the case of the payment initiation and account information service providers) to how they treat client money (for authorised payment and e-money institutions and small e-money institutions).
When does a great deal turn out to be not such a great deal? When a credit card surcharge is added right at the end. Such hidden surcharges will be a thing of the past, mostly, come mid-January when the second Payment Services Directive (PSD2) is implemented.
The gateway for PSD2 applications opens today. About 500 authorised payment institutions and e-money institutions and 150 payment initiation and account information service providers are expected to submit applications to the FCA over the next few months in order to be authorised by 13 January (in the case of payment initiation and account information service providers) or re-authorised by 12 July in the case of those firms already authorised.
We will be explaining everything payment and e-money institutions need to know about getting re-authorised under PSD2 and the impact of MiFID II on fx forward business in two separate briefings on 12 September.
In six months’ time, the second Payment Services Directive (PSD2) will be implemented in the UK. And while we don’t yet have finalised implementing documents, progress is being made on what the realised directive will look like.